The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change predicts that human-induced warming by 2100 is likely to exceed 2°C. How the Earth will respond to this warming is uncertain because our understanding of the climate system is incomplete. Models have been used extensively to predict future environmental change, but we urgently need alternative tools to better understand the dynamic climate system.

Extreme global warming events, known as hyperthermals, provide potential analogues for modern warming. These events offer the potential to better understand the forcing(s), responses and feedbacks of the Earth’s climate system.

This project will address these issues by investigating major hyperthermals and the associated environmental and biological responses of the last 300 million years; events that were associated with rapid global warming, extinction, and extrme changes in global weathering.